Personalized cancer treatment is a new and evolving medicinal strategy. Before the personalized method, most patients who were diagnosed with a particular cancer type and stage underwent the same treatment. Now, doctors are learning about each patient’s particular genetic makeup and the way that the tumor is growing. This information is then used to find treatment and prevention strategies that will be potentially more effective.
What Does Personalized Treatment Involve?
Personalized cancer treatment begins with the selection of screening strategies to find out possible genetic abnormalities which caused cancer. It also matches patients with those treatments that are most likely to be effective along with causing fewer side effects. Finally, it predicts the risk of recurrence – the return of cancer.
Growth Into Personalized Treatment
Now that medical science is moving beyond the identical treatment of various patients with the same stages and types of cancer, doctors can recommend personalized cancer treatment. This began because it became clear that some patients reacted better to certain treatments than did others. Researchers have found various genetic differences in cancers that have the same names and the particular patients in which they grow.
What are Targeted Treatments?
One example of personalized cancer treatment is the targeted treatment. It pinpoints cancer’s particular genes and proteins, those that permit the cancer cells to survive and grow. Each year, researchers are finding new targets. New drugs are created and tested for these targets. Examples of targeted treatment cancers include colorectal cancer, breast cancer, kidney cancer, melanoma, lung cancer, multiple myeloma, and some forms of lymphoma and leukemia.
What is Pharmacogenomics?
Pharmacogenomics takes a look at how a patient’s genes impact the way the body responds to and processes drugs. The changes involved influence how safe and effective a drug is for individual people. Some patients may process a drug more quickly than do other patients. Personalized treatment comes into play when a patient has a serious reaction to a particular drug so that a doctor will lower the dose for fewer side effects.
As of now, not every type of cancer has personalized options for treatment. Some routes of personalized medicine are only on offer by means of clinical trial. Doctors are still exploring the ways and means of personalized cancer treatment.